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1. ֡Ҷ֧ͧ

㹻Ѩغѹö繻ҧ ᵡҧҡҴͧͧ 㹡ûż Ҥѡ㹡 ѧ

(Supercomputer)

繤բҴ˭ش ӧҹջԷҾ٧ Ҥᾧ ͧͧǺسлȨҡͧ ͧâҴ˭ҹ鹨֧öѴͧҹ ͧ쪹Դ㹡äӹdzѺ͹ äӹdzҧԷʵ úԹ 繵 ͧáҧ㹻 ..1960 ͧҧâͧѰԡ öӧҹҧǴͧҡաѡ¡ŵʫԧ (Multiprocessing) ͡˹»żŨӹǹµ ͷͧöӧҹ§ҹ ѹ Ѩغѹö˹»żŹѺµǷӧҹ ѹ ǢͧͧաѴ˹ Թҷ (nanosecond) ˹觾ѹҹԹҷ Шԡпͻ (gigaflop) ͡äӹdz˹觾ѹҹ˹Թҷ

(Mainframe)

繤ջԷҾͧҨҡػ 㹪ǧ ..1950 ͧբҴ˭ ͧͧǺسлȨҡͧ ͧ㹧ҹաѺʴŢŨӹǹҡ ˹»żŹ¡ͧٻ ǢͧͧաѴ˹ пͻ (megaflop) ͡äӹdz˹ҹ˹Թҷ ͧǹҡк Сͺ ö¡˹ҷѧ
Host processor ͧѡ˹ҷǺ˹»ż ػóͺҧ Сäӹdzҧ
Front-end processor ˹ҷǺõԴҧ˹Ҩͼ Ѻкѡ
Back-end processor ˹ҷǡѺ¡ѡ÷ͧöӧҹ ѹ¡ ŵԧ (multiprogramming)

ԹԤ (Minicomputer)
ѲҢ㹻 .. 1960 ѺҡҹҤҶ١ͧҡ ͧԹԤѡâͧͧŵԧ͹ͧ ͧԹԤзӧҹҡͧ ͷ红ŵҧ դ٧ͧ

൪ѹ (Workstation)ä (Microcomputer) 㹡ͧԹԤöѺСʴŷҧҾҹöǺػóҧ
ͧ͡蹤͠

൪ѹ 繤Ẻ դö㹡äӹdzҹǡ ʶһѵ¡ʴŴҹҿԡդ´٧ ൪˹»żŷջԷҾҡ ൪ǹҡԻ RISC (reduce instrutction set computer) 繪ԻŴӹǹ觷ö觧ҹ੾зӧҹǢ

ä١Ѳ㹻 .. 1975 Ѻҧҡ IBM ҧ IBM PC äѺ㹻ѨغѹͧԴ Apple Macintosh PC

ᵡҧҧͧ൪ѹͧäŴŧ äдѺ٧ջԷҾͧͧ㹡ʴŴ ൪蹨ӹǹҡ ͡ҡѧդöԴдǡ 鵺ؤ (Notebook computer) ͻ (Palmton computer) PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) 觨Ѵͧä쪹Դ˹

͢ (Network computer)
繤Ẻ¹ŧҨҡäǵ ѺԷԾҨҡǤԴͧԹ 繤Ҥҵ ѺͧâҴ˭ 駼ͧԹͧԴ˹红ͧ èѴ红ͧٹҧ(Server) բʹդ͡¹(upgrade) Ϳǵööӧҹҡ͢㴡頠

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